Community Medicine (PSM) : Academic Activities

Academic Activities

 

 

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 Teaching Curriculum for the Subject of Community Medicine

THEORY

 

Sr. No

 

Topic

1

INTRODUCTION

2

Concept of Health, Definition of Health, Dimensions of Health, Positive Health

3

Concept of Wellbeing, Spectrum of Health, Determinants of Health

4

Ecology of Health, Indicators of health

5

Concept of Disease, Concept of causation, Natural History of disease

6

Concept of Control, Concept of Prevention

7

Modes of Intervention

 

SOCIOLOGY

8

Sociology, society, community, Socialization, customs, culture acculturation

9

Social Classification, poverty lines, GNP, GDP, CPA

10

Social problems, social pathology, social defence, social security

11

Family: types, functions, family in health and disease

12

Cultural factors in Health and disease

 

NUTRITION

13

Nutrition & Health, Fats, Carbohydrates, Dietary fibres

14

Protein & PEM

15

Vitamin A, Vitamin B Complex and their deficiency diseases

16

Vitamin C, D, E, K and their deficiency disease

17

Iron & its deficiency

18

Calcium, Iodine, Fluorine and their diseases

19

Nutritional requirements, RDA, dietary goals

20

Nutritional factors in selected disease

21

Assessment of nutritional status

22

Social aspects of malnutrition

23

Community Nutrition Programs and ICDS

 

ENVIRONMENT

24

Water Quality Criteria and Standards –I

25

Water Quality Criteria and Standards –II

26

Composition of Air & Air Pollution

27

Ventilation, Lighting

28

Noise, Radiation

29

Solid Waste disposal

30

Hospital Waste Management

31

Modern Sewage Treatment Plant

 

MCH

32

MCH introduction

33

Antenatal care

34

Intranatal - postnatal & immediate new born care

35

Low birth wt. and infant feeding

36

Indicators of MCH , MMR

37

Perinatal mortality rate , Infant mortality rate

38

RCH programme

39

School health services

40

Geriatrics

 

Under  five clinics , under five mortality rate ,child survival index, Right of child,

 

Juvenile deliquencies, Battered baby syndrome, Child labour & legislation,

 

ICDS - Self study

 

PRINCIPALS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY & EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHODS

41

Epidemiology; introduction, definations, aims, epidemiology and clinical medicines, epidemiological approach.

42

Basic measurements in epidemiology, International death certificate

43

Mortality rates & ratio, measurements of morbidity

44

Direct -Indirect standardisation

45

Epidemiological methods; descriptive epidemiology- time distribution

46

Place & Person distribution, uses of descriptive epidemiology

47

Analytical epidemiology; Case control study

48

Cohort study

49

Association & Causation

50

Uses of epidemiology , definitions used in infectious epidemiology

51

Dynamics of disease transmission

52

Disease prevention & control

53

Investigation of an epidemic

54

Screening of diseases

 

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF COMMUNICABLE & NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

55

Measles

56

Rubella, Mumps, Meningococcal meningitis

57

Influenza

58

Diphtheria,

59

Whooping cough

60

ARI

61

TB epidemiology & control

62

RNTCP

63

Poliomyelitis

64

Viral Hepatitis-1

65

Viral Hepatitis-2

66

Cholera epidemiology

67

Cholera control

68

Acute Diarrheal diseases

69

Typhoid fever

70

Food poisoning

71

Amoebiasis & Giardiasis, Hookworm & roundworm

72

Leptospirosis

73

Dengue syndrome

74

Malaria Epidemiology

75

Malaria control- National health programme

76

Lymphatic Filariasis

77

Rabies

78

Yellow fever

79

Japanese Encephalitis

80

Plague

81

Trachoma

82

Leprosy Epidemiology

83

Leprosy  control

84

Tetanus

85

STD

86

AIDS/ National AIDS control programme

87

Coronary heart disease

88

Hypertension

89

Stroke & Rheumatic heart diseases

90

Cancer – I

91

Cancer - II/National cancer control prog.

92

Diabetes Mellitus/ Nat. Prog. Of DM control

93

Blindness/ National prog. For control of Blindness

94

Accidents

 

HEALTH PLANNING & MANAGEMENTS

95

Health planning, health needs, resources, objectives, targets, goals, planning cycle

96

Managements

97

Health planning in INDIA Various communities

98

Health system in INDIA  ;At the centre/state/district level

99

Disaster management

 

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

100

Introduction; Health of worker, occupational hazards

101

Occupational diseases; Pneumoconiosis, Lead poisoning, Occu. Cancer, Occu. Dermatitis, sickness absenteeism

102

Health problems due to industrialisation

103

Measures for health protection of workers

104

Prevention of occupational disease, Medical & Engineering measures

105

ESI Act, The Factories Act.

 

 

 

INTERNATIONAL HALTH

106

WHO, UNICEF, UNDP, UNDFA, World Bank

107

FAO, ILO, SIDA, DANIDA, CARE, Red Cross

 

GENETICS

108

Introduction; mitosis, meiosis, chromosomes , Genes, Genotypes, Phenotypes, Chromosomal abnormalities

109

Laws of Inheritance, Genetic disorders, Chromosomal abnormalities

110

Mendelian diseases, Multiactorial disorders

111

Gene therapy, human genome project, population genetics, Hardy-Weinberg  law

112

Preventive & social measures in genetic disorders

 

MENTAL HEALTH

113

Definitions, problems statement, characteristics, of a mentally healthy person, types and causes of mental illness

114

Crucial points in the life cycle of human being, Preventive aspects & comprehensive mental health prog.

115

Drug abuse

 

NEWER TOPICS

116

State specific Health Programs…Chiranjeevi, JSY etc

117

IMNCI

118

IYCF

119

Essential & Emergency  Obstetric Care

120

Essential Newborn Care

121

Adolescent Health

122

NRHM

123

IDD

124

Fluorosis

 PRACTICAL

 

Practical: Nutrition

Sr. No.

Topic

1.

Introduction: Classification of foods / Protein Nutrients / Fats/ Carbohydrates: calories, sources, requirement, function

2.

Specimen : Cereals, pulses

3.

Specimen : Vegetables, fruits, nuts, and oil seeds, fats & oils, sugar and jiggery

4.

Specimen : Milk, egg, fish, meat

5.

Nutrition disorders : PEM, Anemia, Xerophthalmia, IDD, Fluorosis

6.

Food hygiene and food handlers

7.

Food borne intoxication, adulteration of foods, PFA Act, food fortification

8.

Growth chart and child feeding

9.

Revision

 

Practical: Family Planning and Demography

1

Demography cycle : World trend

2

Demography in India

3

Fertility, fertility related statistics

4

FP : definition, health aspects, eligible couple, CPR

5.

Introduction to contraception and barrier contraceptives

6.

IUD

7.

Hormonal contraceptives

8.

Sterilization, MTP Act

9.

Pearl index, unmet need for family planning, CNAA

10.

Revision

 

Practical: Immunization

1.

Host defense, Immunizing agents

2.

Live vaccines

3.

Killed vaccines, toxoids

4.

Immunization Programme in India

5.

Hazards of immunization, Cold chain

6.

Needs of vaccine at PHC, drop-out rate, vaccine efficacy

7.

Revision

 

 

Practical : Environment

 

Sr. No.

Topic

 

1.

Water: safe and wholesome water, water requirement, usage of water, sources of water

2.

Water related diseases, sanitary well

3.

Purification of water : storage, slow-rapid sand filters

4.

Purification of water : chlorination, Horrock’s  apparatus, OT test

5.

Purification of Water on small scale

6.

Surveillance of drinking water quality

7.

Thermal comfort, heat/cold stress, sling psychrometer

8.

Sanitation barrier, RCA latrine

9.

Disinfection of faeces, urine, sputum, room

10.

Revision

 

Practical: Entomology

1.

Introduction : Arthropods of medical importance,

2.

Mosquito-I

3.

Mosquito-II

4.

House fly,  sand fly

5.

Lice, rat flea, bugs

6.

Ticks, mite, Cyclops

7.

Insecticide & its resistance

8.

Rodents

9.

Revision

        

Practical: Occupational Health

1.

Occupational Hazards-disease

2.

Pneumoconiosis

3.

Medical & Engineering methods for control of occupational diseases

4.

Legislation

5.

Revision

       

Statistics

1.

Introduction of Statistics

2.

Methods of data Presentation – I

3.

Methods of data Presentation – II

4.

Measures of Central Tendency- I

5.

Measures of Central Tendency- II

6.

Standard Deviation

7.

Normal Distribution

8.

Chi-square Test

9.

Sampling methods

10.

Population Statistics

11.

Morbidity & Morality Statistics

12.

Revision

       

 

Every Tuesday,Thursday and Saturday  - Clinical Rounds at  9-12 a.m.

Every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday - lecture by faculty at 11.30 a.m.

Self Development Group on every Tuesday at 4.30 p.m.

Yoga Sessions on every Monday at 6.30 p.m.

Journal Club and Movie Club - on Thursady at 4.30 p.m.