Physiology : Academic Activities

Academic Activities

 Details of 2015

M.B.B.S TEACHING TIME TABLE FOR STUDENTS ( PHYSIOLOGY/BIOCHEMISTRY/ANATOMY)

  9.00AM to 10.00AM 10.00AM to 11.00AM 11.00AM to 12.00AM 12.00AM to 1.00PM 1.00PM to 2.00PM 2.00PM to 4.00PM 4.00PM to 5.00PM
Monday Physiology(L) Physiology(L) Biochemistry(L Physiology (L)     RECESS Physiology Practical Or Biochem. Practical Tutorial/Viva (physio/Biochem)
Tuesday Anatomy   Anatomy
Wednesday Biochemistry (L) Biochemistry (L) Physiology(L) Physiology(L)   Physiology Practical Or Biochem. Practical Tutorial/Viva (physio/Biochem)
Thursday P.S.M(L) Anatomy   Anatomy
Friday Physiology(L) Physiology(L) Biochemistry(L) Physiology (L)   Physiology Tutorial Or Biochem. Tutorial Seminar (Physio/Biochem)
Saturday Anatomy    

First M.B.B.S

Total duration – 1 year

Term wise curriculum of studies

First term (1st August to 31st January)- Topics covered in the form of lectures/tutorials/micro teaching sessions:-

  1. Blood :
    1. Composition properties and functions of blood
    2. R.B.C.s their formation & functions
    3. Hemoglobin
    4. Anemias and blood indicesv
    5. Leukocytes - formation and functions
    6. Thrombocytes and hemostasis
    7. Plasma proteins & E.S.R.
    8. Lymph and R.E. System
    9. Blood groups
    10. Immunity
    11. Blood Volume
  2. Digestive System :
    1. Anatomical physiology
    2. Salivary secretion
    3. Gastric secretion
    4. Pancreatic secretion
    5. Bile including lever function tests & Jaundice
    6. Intestinal secretion
    7. Movements of Gastrointestinal tract
    8. Hormones of GIT
  3. Physiology of Excitable Tissues (Muscles & Nerves) :
    1. Internal environment
    2. Transport across cell membranes
    3. Physiology basis of Bio electrical potentials
    4. Structure of classification of nerve fibers
    5. Properties of nerve cells and their fibers (including Degeneration & Regeneration)
    6. Neuromuscular transmission
    7. Structure, functions and properties of muscles
    8. Mechanism of contraction of difference types of muscles
    9. Physiological changes during muscle contractions
  4. Respiration System :
    1. Physiological anatomy of respiratory tract
    2. Mechanics of respiration (including pressure changes)
    3. Lung volume, capacities and function tests
    4. Composition of respiratory gases
    5. Transport of Oxygen in Blood
    6. Transport of Carbon dioxide in Blood
    7. Regulations of respiration
    8. Hypoxia, Asphyxia
    9. Cyanosis and periodic breathing
    10. Dysbarism and acclimatization to high altitude
    11. Exercise and space Physiology
  5. Cardiovascular System :
    1. Functional anatomy of heart
    2. Origin and spread of cardiac impulse
    3. Cardiac cycle (with heart sounds and pressure changes)
    4. Electrocardiogram
    5. Heart rate
    6. Cardiac output
    7. Arterial blood pressure
    8. Arterial and venous pulse
    9. Capillary and regional circulation
    10. Hemorrhage, Hypovolemic shock
    11. Cardiovascular change during exercise and cardiac efficiency tests.
  6. Excretory System :
    1. Physiological anatomy of Kidney
    2. Renal Circulation
    3. Glomerular filtration rate
    4. Functions of renal tubules
    5. Reabsorpotion of physiologically important substances
    6. Counter current mechanism
    7. Role of kidney in acid-base balance in body
    8. Micturition
    9. Renal function tests
    10. Functions of skin
    11. Regulations of body temperature

Second term (1st February to 31st July)- Topics covered in the form of lectures/tutorials/micro teaching sessions:-

  1. Central Nervous System :
    1. Introduction
    2. Synapse and synaptic transmission
    3. Sensory receptor sensations
    4. Spinal Cord : Tracts and lesions
    5. Reflexes
    6. Motor organization
    7. Brain stem (including vestibular apparatus)
    8. Basal Ganglia
    9. Cerebellum
    10. Tone, posture and equilibrium
    11. Motor control mechanism
    12. Thalamus
    13. Hypothalamus
    14. Limbic cortex
    15. Cerebral cortex
    16. Speech, Learning and memory
    17. A.R.F. Electroencephalogram gram and d sleep
    18. Pain
    19. CSF
  2. Special Senses :
    1. Structure of eye
    2. Refractory medias of eye heir errors and corrections
    3. Retina : Structure, photochemistry
    4. Visual pathways and its lesions
    5. Visual activity and binocular vision
    6. Accommodation and adaptations to darkness
    7. Color Vision
    8. Visual perceptions : Central mechanism
    9. Physiological movements of eye
    10. Functional anatomy of ear
    11. Structure and functions of middle ear
    12. Organs of Corti and mechanism of hearing
    13. Endocochlear potentials and auditory pathways
    14. Deafness and tests of hearing
    15. Taste and smell
  3. Endocrinology and Reproductive Physiology :
    1. Introduction
    2. Hypothalamohypophyseal axis
    3. Anterior pituitary gland (including growth and development)
    4. Posterior pituitary gland
    5. Thyroid gland
    6. Hormonal control of blood calcium level
    7. Endocrine pancreas
    8. Andrenal gland
    9. Hormones of heart, kidney and thymus
    10. Introduction to reproductive physiology
    11. Male reproductive system : structure, functions
    12. Female reproductive system : structure and functions
    13. Fertilizations, placenta, pregnancy and pregnancy tests
    14. Parturition and lactation
    15. Physiological basis of family planning
  4. Autonomic nervous system
  5. LIST OF PRACTICALS

    1. General Practical:
      1. Study of appliances - Experimental instruments
      2. Study of appliances - Hematology and clinical instruments
      3. Study of appliances - Compound microscope
    2. Hematology Practical:
      1. Packed cell volume
      2. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
      3. Effect of tonicity of saline, fragility
      4. Total red cell count
      5. MCD, price jone’s curve
      6. Estimation of haemoglobin
      7. Haemin crystals, reticulocyte count
      8. Blood indices and related calculation
      9. Total white cell count
      10. Cells in peripheral blood film
      11. Differential WBC count
      12. Absolute count, arneth count
      13. Coagulation - B.T.C.T.
      14. Blood grouping
    3.  
    4. Clinical Physiology Practical:
      1. Radial pulse, Sphygmography
      2. Arterial blood pressure
      3. Cardiac efficiency tests
      4. Clinical examination in general
      5. Clinical examination of Cardiovascular system
      6. Clinical examination of Respiratory system
      7. Artificial respiration and Cardio pulmonary resuscitation
      8. Spirometry
      9. Respiratory efficiency tests
      10. Stethography
      11. Examinations of sensory functions
      12. Examinations of motor functions
      13. Examinations of reflexes
      14. Examinations of cranial nerves – I,III,IV,V,VI
      15. Examinations of cranial nerves – II
      16. Examinations of cranial nerves – VII,IX.X.XI,XII
      17. Examinations of cranial nerves – VIIII
      18. CNS higher functions
      19. Clinical examinations of abdomen
      20. Thermometry
    5. Amphibian practical
      1. Gastrocnemius msucle, sciatic nerve preparation
      2. Simple muscle curve
      3. Quantal summation
      4. Strength duration curve
      5. Effect of temperature on SMC
      6. Effect of load on SMC
      7. Effect of two successive stimuli
      8. Genesis of tetanus
      9. Phenomenon of Fatigue
      10. Ergograph
      11. Velocity of nerve impulse
      12. Perfusion of amphibian heart
      13. Frog’s heart beat
      14. Effect of temperature on frog’s heart
      15. Properties of cardiac muscle
      16. Effect of vagus and crescent stimulation
      17. Effect of drugs on frog’s heart
      18. Identification of drugs
    6. Mammalian practicals
      1. Recording of heart beat and respiration
      2. Perfusion of guinea pig ileum
      3. Perfusion of guinea pig jejunum
      4. Recording of blood pressure and respiration of dog
      5. Effect of drugs on blood pressure of dog
    7. Graph, charts, calculations etc
      1. Endocrine disorder photographs
      2. O2 and CO2 dissociation curve
      3. ECG
      4. EEG
      5. EMG
      6. Contraceptives, menstrual cycle and BBT
      7. GTT
      8. GFT
      9. Cystometrogram
      10. Renal function tests
    8. Evaluations
      1. Minimum 2 periodic evaluations(Theory & Practical) in each term.
      2. First internal examination(Theory & Practical) in the month of January
      3. Preliminary examinations(Theory & Practical) in month of June
      4. University examination(Theory & Practical) in July/August

 

 

 

PG teaching schedule

 

 

 

POST GRADUATE TIME TABLE (1ST YEAR)

  9 am TO 1 pm 2 pm To 5 pm
MONDAY Attending UG lectures UG practical / demonstration / tutorials / Microteaching
TUESDAY PG Practicals / Library Seminars / Group Discussion
WEDNESDAY Attending UG lectures UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
THURSDAY PG Practicals / Dissertation Discussion PG Lectures
FRIDAY Attending UG lectures UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
SATURDAY Journal Club / Periodic Test / Dissertation Discussion ---

 

 

 

POST GRADUATE TIME TABLE (2ND YEAR)

  9 am TO 1 pm 2 pm To 5 pm
MONDAY Clinical posting / PG Lectures / Dissertation Discussion UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
TUESDAY Clinical posting / PG Lectures / Dissertation Discussion Seminar / Group discussion / Periodic test
WEDNESDAY Clinical posting / PG Lectures / Dissertation Discussion UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
THURSDAY Clinical posting / PG Lectures / Dissertation Discussion PG practicals / Case discussion
FRIDAY Clinical posting / PG Lectures / Dissertation Discussion UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
SATURDAY Clinical posting / PG Lectures / Dissertation Discussion  

 

 

 

POST GRADUATE TIME TABLE (3RD YEAR)

  9 am TO 1 pm 2 pm To 5 pm
MONDAY UG teaching / library UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
TUESDAY PG practicals / Dissertation discussion Seminar
WEDNESDAY UG teaching / library UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
THURSDAY PG Lectures / Dissertation discussion Group discussion / Case discussion
FRIDAY UG teaching / library UG practicals / demonstrations / tutorials / Microteaching
SATURDAY Journal Club / Periodic Test / Dissertation Discussion  

 

 

CLINICAL POSTINGS TO VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS DURING MD COURSE

  DEPARTMENT / DURATION SKILLS TO BE LEARNT
1 Blood bank & pathology (2 weeks) Blood banking ( collection, storage & transfusion ) Cross matching, Component separation & us Bone marrow & peripheral smear, Teats for bleeding & clotting disorders, Eosinophil & Reticulocyte count, Electronic cell counter, Immunohistochemistry, etc and other facilities available in the department
2 Biochemistry (1 month) Spectrophotometry, Flame photometry, Auto & Semi auto Analyzer, Electrophoresis, Chromatography, RIA, Study of serum chemistry (proteins. Lipid, glucose, electrolytes, enzymes etc), Constituents of Normal and Abnormal urine, liver function test, Renal function test, Gastric function tests etc and other facilities available in the department
3 Tuberculosis & Chest Disease (2 weeks) PFT, Case study, Whole body plethysmography, Bronchoscopy & other facilities available in the department
4 Gen Medicine (20 days) Case Study, TMT , Holter analysis, ICCU monitoring with ABG, EMG, NCV and other facilities available in the department
5 Ophthalmology (2 weeks) Direct and indirect opthalmoscopy, Retinoscopy, Slit lamp microscopy, Tonometry, Pachymetry, Study of corneal topology, Optometry, Auto-refractometer etc. and other facilities available in the department
6 Psychiatry (2 weeks) EEG
7 ENT (2 weeks) Audiometry (Pure tone. Speech, Impedance etc) Vestibular function tests, Otoscopy. Direct & Indirect laryngoscopy, BERA, BSAEP etc and other facilities available in the department

 

Post Graduate students Syllabus for Theory & Practicals

Theory SYSTEMIC PHYSIOLOGY:

Introduction to physiology

 

  1. Introduction to Physiology
  2. Histor ical aspects referring to various doctrines
  3. Scope of Physiology
  4. Basic controlling mechanisms of body and feed back gains
  5. Homeostasis
  6. Evolution of various systems
  1. Cell Physiology

    1. Structure of the cell,
    2. Functions of cells,
    3. Cell growth, division & differentiation, variations,
    4. Intercellular communication,
  2. Biophysics

    1. Transport across the membrane, Donnan equilibrium, Osmosis, Diffusion, Facilitated diffusion, Active transport,
    2. Surface tension,
    3. Adsorption, Colloids, Suspensoids, True solution,
    4. Hemodynamics,
    5. Ventilation through airways,
    6. Bioelectrical phenomena, Resting Membrane Potential, Equilibrium potential, Nernst and Goldmann equations.
    7. Action potential in various tissues with their ionic basis,
    8. Cathode Ray Oscilloscope and recording of Action Potential in various tissues i.e. ERG, ECG, EMG, EOG, EEG, Nerve conduction velocity,
    9. Evoked potentials like VEP, SSEP, BSAEP, MEP
    10. Patch clamp technique, Voltage gated technique
  3. Blood

    1. Functions of blood
    2. Composition of blood
    3. Properties of blood,
    4. Plasma proteins,
    5. Formed elements of blood,
    6. Hemo-poiesis,
    7. Functions of blood cells, counting and its importance of blood cells,
    8. Blood clotting,
    9. Blood groups-importance, type, estimation, transmission,
    10. Reticulo-endothelial system,
    11. Lymphatic system, lymph composition and function,
    12. Immunity, AMI, CMI, Active & Passive Immunity,
    13. Anaemia, Poly-cythemia,
    14. Bleeding disorders,
    15. Blood transfusion,
    16. Blood storage & banking, bone marrow,
    17. Hemoglobin-chemistry, type, derivatives, synthesis, fate, Jaundice,
    18. Organ transplantation, Graft rejection etc.
    19. Gastro-Intestinal System<

      1. Physiological Anatomy,
      2. Gastrointestinal secretions with composition,
      3. Functions, mechanism of secretion,
      4. Regulation ie, salivary, gastric, pancreatic-exocrine, succus entericus,
      5. Bile, entero-hepatic circulation, gall bladder.
      6. Gastro intestinal tract movements-oesophagus, deglutition,
      7. Stomach, gastric emptying,
      8. Small and large intestine, defeacation, gastrointestinal reflexes,
      9. Gastrointestinal hormones,
      10. Faeces. Gastric function tests, liver function tests
    20. Cardiovascular System

      1. Blood volume. Its measurement and blood depot.
      2. Electric and mechanical properties of cardiac muscles,
      3. Origin and spread of cardiac impulse,
      4. ECG- principles, Procedure
      5. Interpretation of normal variations in ECG
      6. Cardiac cycle, Heart sounds<
      7. Heart rate,
      8. Cardiac output,
      9. Venous return, peripheral resistance, hemodynamics,
      10. Pulse,
      11. Blood Pressure: types, importance, measurement, determinants,
      12. Factors affecting, regulation, clinical importance,
      13. Clinical examination of CVS,
      14. Regional circulations: Coronary,
      15. Cerebral circulation
      16. Pulmonary circulation
      17. Cutaneous & Skeleta muscle circulation,
      18. Splanchnic, Hepatic, foetal-Neonatal etc.
      19. Effect of exercise on CVS, hemorrhage and shock.
      20. Hypertension and heart failure
    21. Respiratory System

      1. Physiological anatomy. Broncho-pulmonary segments,
      2. Respiratory and non respiratory functions of lung,
      3. Mechanics of breathing: Muscles of respiration, rib movements, compliance, Intra-pleural and intra pulmonary pressures, surfactants.
      4. Spirometry, Pulmonary function tests,
      5. Clinical examination of respiration,
      6. Transport of blood gases,
      7. Neural and chemical regulation of respiration.
      8. Artificial respiration, periodic breathing, respiratory rate and variations, dyspnoea, dyspnoeic index, orthopnea, asphyxia,
      9. hypoxia, hypercarbia, Oxygen therapy, Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, Oxygen poisoning,
      10. High altitude physiology: mountaineering, Aviation physiology, space physiology. ~Underwater physiology,
      11. Occupational hazards and respiratory system
    22. Excretory System, Skin, Body Temperature

      1. Physiological anatomy,
      2. Functions of kidney,
      3. Glomerular filtration ,
      4. Tubular secretion
      5. Tubular reabsorption, formation of urine,
      6. Juxta-glomerular apparatus,
      7. Concentration and dilution of Urine
      8. Roll of kidney in acid base balance,
      9. Renal function tests,
      10. Clearance tests,
      11. Maintenance of blood volume, blood pressure, tonicity, electrolytes by kidney.
      12. Structure and functions of skin,
      13. Body temperature: importance of temp. regulation, measurement,
      14. Mechanism of heat loss and heat generation, temperature regulating center.
      15. Roll of brown fat, hypo and hyperthermia its importance and effects on the body.
    23. Nerve And Muscle Physiology

      1. Physiological anatomy, macroscopic and microscopic, E.M of sarcomere,
      2. Composition and functions of muscle
      3. Excitable tissue, stimulation, Resting Membrane Potential, role of Na-K pump ~Generation of local response( electrotonus) and action potential,
      4. Characteristic of action potential and its properties,
      5. Ionic basis of action potential,compound action potential
      6. Properties and skeletal muscles
      7. Properties of smooth muscles,
      8. Comparison of cardiac, skeletal and smooth muscles,
      9. Structure and classification of nerve
      10. Properties of nerve fiber
      11. Mechanism of conduction of nerve impulse, Nerve metabolism,
      12. Mechanism of contraction of muscle,
      13. Neuromuscular transmission,
      14. Mechanical, thermal, electrical and chemical changes during muscle contraction, ~Effect of exercise, oxygen debt
      15. Myelination and degeneration and regeneration of nerve fiber.
    24. Autonomic Nervous System

      1. Characteristics and differences from somatic nervous system,
      2. Differences between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system,
      3. Distribution and action of sympathetic
      4. Distribution and parasympathetic supply,
      5. Autonomic neurotransmission,
      6. Autonomic function tests, Biofeedback studies, polygraph tests.
    25. Central Nervous System

      1. Physiological anatomy,
      2. Cerebrospinal fluids(properties, composition, function, mechanism of secretion, examination),
      3. Blood brain barrier, blood CSF barrier, circumventricular oregans, Neuroglia, ~Receptors: classification, properties, mechanism of stimulation,
      4. Synapses: types, structure, properties and synaptic transmission,
      5. Reflexes: type, properties, reflex arc,
      6. Stretch reflex, withdrawal reflex, inverse stretch reflex, crossed extensor reflex, lengthening reaction,
      7. Regulation of muscle tone and posture,
      8. Muscle spindle,
      9. Pontine medial gamma facilitatory and medullary lateral gamma inhibitory pathways, plastic and spastic type rigidity(cogwheel, clasp-knife, lead pipe)(decerebrate: classical and ischemic type, decorticate rigidity) ,
      10. Postural reflexes, spinal cord, anatomy, section study ,
      11. Ascending (Dorsolateral-lemniscal system and antero-lateral system)
      12. Descending tracts (Medial and lateral motor system),
      13. Spinal reflexes, study of spinal reflexes, hemisection and transection of spinal cord, spinal shock,
      14. Pathway of touch, Pressure, vibration
      15. Pathway of temperature, pain and other sensations, endogeneous pain inhibitory system,
      16. Thalamus (nuclei, connections, functions and disorders),
      17. Cerebral cortex, primary (somatosensory, visual, auditory, motor), secondary(somatosensory, visual auditory, premotor, supplemental motor), association(parieto-occipito-temporal, prefrontal and limbic), handedness, dominant brain(Categorical and representational),
      18. Cerebellum: Gross and microscopic anatomy, physiological divisions,
      19. Functions, disorders,
      20. Basal ganglia :nuclei, connections, functions and disorders,
      21. Hypothalamus :nuclei, connections, functions and disorders,
      22. Limbic system, importances, parts included, disorders and connections.
      23. Reticular formation, RAS, RDS, EEG
      24. Sleep, REM and NREM sleep, theories of sleep,
      25. Pyramidal tract and upper motor neurone lesion
      26. Extra pyramidal tract and lower motor neurone lesions Non-auditory labyrinth. ~Physiology of speech.
      27. Memory, learning motivation and clinical examination of CNS
    26. Endocrines

      1. Structure and functions of various endocrine organs. Types, mechanism of action of hormone,
      2. Hypothalamo-hypophyseal axis, and anterior pituitary hormones,
      3. Posterior pituitary hormones
      4. Hormones of thyroid gland,
      5. Parathyroid gland and calcium & phosphorous metabolism
      6. Adrenal cortex- Glucocorticoids
      7. Adrenal cortex-Mineralocorticoids and Na & K & Blood volume balance
      8. Adrenal medulla,
      9. Endocrine pancreas (their synthesis, actions, mechanism of secretion, mechanism of regulation, disorders and tests for diagnosis),
      10. Endocrine disprders
    27. Reproductive system

      1. Primary and secondary sex characters. Sex differentiation, Puberty and adolescence
      2. Male and female sexual act,
      3. Andrology-physiology of testes. Spermatogenesis, blood testes barrier,
      4. Actions of testesterone
      5. Actions of Oestrogen and Progesteron
      6. Menstruation, Menarche, Menopause, menstrual disprders
      7. Ovulation, Corpus luteum, Fertilization and formation of the germinal layers.
      8. Formation and role of placenta.
      9. Mammary glands and lactation.
      10. Physiological changes during pregnancy. Pregnancy tests
      11. Principles of contraception – fertility control.
    28. Special Senses:

      1. Eye
        1.  
        2. structure of eye, eye as camera and function of various parts.
        3. Refraction, refractory index, refractory power and optics of eye
        4. Refractory media, concept of reduced eye,
        5. Refractory errors,
        6. Nutrition of eye and intra-ocular pressure,aqueous humour formation and drainage, ~Field of vision and
        7. Mechanism of accommodation.
        8. Errors of visual path
        9. Visual perception
        10. Ocular reflexes. Muscles of eye and eye movements.
        11. Color vision and colour blindness
        12. Binocular vision after images.
        13. Photochemistry of vision, dark and light adaptation,
      2. Ear :
        1. Auditory apparatus-unit of sound, Attenuation reflex , Basilar Membrane, Organ of Corti, Eustachian tube
        2. Labyrinthine conduction of sound waves and mechanism of hearing , Endocochlear potential
        3. Auditory pathway and auditory perception
        4. Tests for hearing, audiometry etc. Deafness, type and hearing tests, hearing aids,
      3. Vestibular Apparatus:
        1. Physiological anatomy, Otolith organs of macula and saccule, Semicircular canals
        2. Mechanism of stimulation
        3. Role of vestibular nuclei, VSR,VOR, motion sickness, vestibular function tests
      4. Taste and Smell:
        1. Structure, distribution and function of the receptors.
        2. Mechanisms of stimulation and their different pathways. disorders, methods of examination
    29. Applied physiology

      1. Physiology of Yoga
      2. Sports physiology
      3. Aviation physiology
      4. Marine physiology
      5. Nutrition
      6. Physiology as a basis of medicine
  4.  

     

     

    • PRACTICALS

     

     

     

    1. Amphibian practicals
      1. Selection of laboratory animals, care of animals in laboratory, introduction to animal experiments with special reference to function of CPCSEA, Act for prevention of cruelty on animals, Animal disposal etc.
      2. Biomedical instrumentation
      3. Amplifiers
      4. Transducers
      5. Electrodes
      6. Averaging and softwares
      7. Introducing use of various instruments in the laboratory circuits.
      8. Muscle-Nerve preparation. pithing, dissection, smoking, varnishing, fixing and preservation of graph
      9. Simple muscle twitch.
      10. Effects of Temperature
      11. Effect of free and after load.
      12. Effect of strength of stimuli
      13. Effect of multiple stimuli: Two successive stimuli,
      14. Fatigue and Ergography,
      15. Staircase & Incomplete and complete Tetanus,
      16. Study of conduction velocity in nerve
      17. Study of perfusion of frog heart
      18. Study Normal cardiogram and heart-block(stannous ligatures).
      19. Study of properties of cardiac muscles
      20. Study of effect of sympathomimetic, parasympathomimetic, Parasympatholytic and ganglion blocking drugs on cardiac muscle
      21. Effect of stimulation of vagus and crescent on cardiac contraction. And study of vagal escape
    2. Haemotology
      1. Study of Microscope
      2. Study of Micrometry and Price Jones Curve
      3. Study of Peripheral Smear
      4. Study of Bone Marrow Smear
      5. Study of Platelet count
      6. Study of Reticulocyte count
      7. Study of Arneth and Absolute Count
      8. Total W.B.C. Count.
      9. Differential W.B.C. Count.
      10. Total R.B.C. Count.
      11. Hb Estimation.
      12. P.C.V. & Blood indices.
      13. E.S.R.
      14. Study of Specific Gravity and Viscosity of blood
      15. Study of Isotonic, Hypotonic and Hypertonic solution on RBCs
      16. Study of effect of Osmotic fragility on RBCs
      17. Bleeding Time and Clotting Time
      18. Prothrombin Time, Partial Prothrombin Time, Clot Retraction Time, Capillary Fragility Test.
      19. Haemin crystals.
      20. Cross matching and blood banking
    3. Applied and Clinical Physiology
      1. History taking and principles of clinical examination, general examination.
      2. Examination of cardiovascular system.
      3. Measuring Blood Pressure and study of effect of posture, exercise and stress.
      4. Examination of pulse.
      5. Cardiac efficiency tests.
      6. Examination of Respiratory systems.
      7. Spirometry.
      8. Resuscitation: Artificial Respiration,cardiac massage.
      9. Respiratory efficiency tests.
      10. Examination of Reflexes-Superficial and Deep.
      11. Examination of Motor Systems
      12. Examination of Sensory System
      13. Examination of Cranial nerves.
      14. Examination of Gastro-intestinal System
      15. Examination of higher functions.
      16. Visual Acuity, Optometry, Retinoscopy
      17. Field of vision
      18. Colour vision
      19. Auditory tests.
      20. Audio-metry
      21. Recording of body temperature
      22. Reflex time and Reaction time.
      23. Stetho-graphy.
      24. Phono-cardiography and
      25. Plethysmography.
      26. Sphygmography.
      27. E.C.G.
      28. Pregnancy tests.
      29. Opthalmoscopy
      30. Ergography.
      31. Circulation time.
      32. Study of EEG
      33. Study of EMG
      34. Study of Evoked potentials like Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential
      35. Visual evoked potential
      36. Somesthetic Sensory Evoked potential, Motor Evoked Potential
      37. Study of Nerve Conduction Velocity
      38. Pulmonary Function Tests,
      39. Autonomic function tests
      40. Study of Bicycle ergometry
      41. Study of Treadmill test
      42. Study of BMR
      43. Vestibular function tests
      44. G.T.T.
      45. Gastric function tests
      46. Semen Analysis
    4. Mammalian Experiments.
      1. Recording of movements of isolated rabbit/guinea pig intestine and effect of drugs and ions.
      2. Recording of blood pressure and respiration in dog and effect of variables on it.
      3. Perfusion of isolated mammalian heart byLangendorff’s preparation and effect of drugs and ions.
    5. Biochemistry experiments:
      1. Introduction to practical biochemistry
      2. Chemistry of carbohydrates
      3. Chemistry of proteins and amino acids
      4. Chemistry of lipids
      5. Physiology of urine
      6. Pathological urine
      7. Estimation of acid output by stomach
      8. colorimetry
      9. Estimation of serum urea
      10. Estimation of serum creatinine
      11. Estimation of serum cholesterol
      12. Estimation of serum billirubin
      13. Estimation of serum total protein
      14. Estimation of serum albumin
      15. Estimation of serum glucose
    6. Dissertation:-
      1. Allotment of the topic by the end of 1st term.
      2. Submission by the end of 5th term.
    7. Attendance:-
      1. Minimum 80% attendance required for appearing in university examination.
    8. Evaluations
      1. Minimum 2 periodic tests for theory and practicals per term.
      2. University examination at the end of 6 terms.

Every Tuesday,Thursday and Saturday  - Clinical Rounds at  9-12 a.m.

Every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday - lecture by faculty at 11.30 a.m.

Self Development Group on every Tuesday at 4.30 p.m.

Yoga Sessions on every Monday at 6.30 p.m.

Journal Club and Movie Club - on Thursady at 4.30 p.m.